Here are several sites that can help you put your aunts, uncles, cousins and grandparents on the right branches of your family tree. Here are some places where you can pick up a few style cues to help you ID your own vintage family photographs! Wikipedia The collaborative encyclopedia Wikipedia provides a nicely detailed collection of articles about the many eras of clothing fashion. Here are direct links to the sections dedicated to the time since photography was possible: s s s s s s s s s s - - s. Flickr collections by era These contributed photographs are grouped by decade, and the multitude of images will provide you with a helpful frame of reference to compare your vintage photos.
Have you wondered how you were ever going to figure out who these family members might be, since the old photographs lack inscriptions or dates? Genealogy is a lot like detective work, gathering clues to make the pieces of your family puzzle fit together. Old, undated family photographs are pieces of evidence, clues that-if you examine closely enough-might yield some answers.
May 15, The Tintype - Tintypes were popular for more than 30 years. Instead of glass, the image was on an iron plate. Early tintypes were in small, hinged cases like the daguerreotypes and the ambrotypes. However, the cases were soon replaced by paper sleeves. Often today, tintypes are found in one's collection without the sleeves. A tintype, also known as a melainotype or ferrotype, is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic middleburyfloralvt.comes enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine. I have written a free comprehensive guide to dating very early photographs. 'Fixed in Time' is a guide to dating daguerreotypes, ambrotypes and tintypes by their mats and cases, for historians, genealogists, collectors and antique dealers. It is available as a free or as a print-on-demand book.
By knowing a little of the history of photography, you might be able to solve the mystery of those old photos by first recognizing what type of photograph they are-which in turn will help you narrow down the date range for when the photo was created.
This blog article will help you do that. Evening Star Washington, D. It was created with a camera obscura, a device used by artists to project images on a wall or screen. After a long eight-hour exposure time, the image became affixed.
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Perhaps your family pictures are identified-but in all likelihood many are not, so narrowing time periods for the creation of each photo is important in trying to date them. Some of my earlier GenealogyBank Blog posts provided other tips for dating undated photographs, including one showing how historical newspapers can assist greatly with photo dating by comparing the clothing of people in your undated photos to clothing styles shown in old newspaper advertisements.
See a list with links to these photography-related blog posts at the end of this article. You can also use historical newspapers to learn how to recognize photographic types, and also to research photography studios, as shown by the newspaper articles used in this blog post.
To start, familiarize yourself with photographic timelines, such as the timelines available in the list of websites below. Although there are numerous types of photographic processes, most of your old photos are probably ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, tintypes, cabinet cards or carte de visites CDVsalong with some lesser-known types such as cyanotypes.
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To see examples of different types of photos, use your favorite search engine such as Google. After searching for a specific type, such as a daguerreotype, click the image option.
ANTIQUE AMERICAN Civil War Era Two Young Ladies Sisters Book TINTYPE PHOTO. $ +$ shipping. Make Offer - ANTIQUE AMERICAN Civil War Era Two Young Ladies Sisters Book TINTYPE PHOTO. RARE STEREOVIEW TINTYPE - FARMHOUSE ON ROAD & MAN ON HIS PLOW - GREAT CONDITION. $ Dating Old Photographs - The Price of Tea in Lowell, Massachusetts, Good catch with the photo comparison- I would definitely think that the photos were taken on the same day, and that the woman is the child's mother. My family has come across some tintype photos of what we believe is our older family, but the time range is so. The London's museum's helpful section on dating clothes and photographs uses items from the V&A's collection to illustrate the dominant trends of the decades between an and is.
A distinctive characteristic of an ambrotype is that the image is a positive image created on a transparent sheet of glass, by what is known as wet plate collodion printing. James Ambrose Cutting is credited with the process, which dates to the early s.
If you think you have an ambrotype take note of the casing, as the style can also be a clue to the time period. Both types were printed on paper or card stock, and originally created through a type of albumen printing which was used to bind images to paper.
It is also referred to as a calling or visiting card. This cabinet card from my photo collection identifies the photographer as James S.
Research shows he lived fromand if my guess is correct, this sepia-toned image was probably taken between She used it to record images of plants for her research, as described in this article from a South Dakota newspaper.
Popular in the s, you can still find them today, and the photographic process is published on the Web.
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This cyanotype from my collection is of an ancestor born inand I estimate it was taken between His technique also incorporated the camera obscura, but by introducing copper plating with a thin layer of silver exposed to the fumes of iodine crystals, he was able to capture the images.
Daguerreotypes were very popular from the s into the s or early s.
Daguerreotypes or dags changed the world of photography, offering our ancestors their first opportunity to sit for portraits. Many appear to be serious or grimacing in their portrait-which, some people today speculate, was from having to sit still for a long time while their picture was being taken.
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However, this may be somewhat of a myth. Exposure time ranged from seconds, and after the sitting time was reportedly just a few seconds.
If one wanted multiple pictures, there was no way to make copies of the original-so multiple sittings would have to occur. The image as a whole therefore appeared to be a dull-toned positive.
To obtain as light-toned an image as possible, potassium cyanide was normally employed as the photographic fixer.
Dating a tintype photo
It was perhaps the most acutely hazardous of all the several highly toxic chemicals originally used in this and many other early photographic processes. Each tintype is usually a camera original, so the image is usually a mirror image, reversed left to right from reality. Sometimes the camera was fitted with a mirror or right-angle prism so that the end result would be right-reading.
The process was first described by Adolphe-Alexandre Martin in France in It was first called melainotypethen ferrotype by V.
Griswold of Ohio a rival manufacturer of the iron plates, then finally tintype. The ambrotype was the first use of the wet-plate collodion process as a positive image.
Such collodion glass positives had been invented by Frederick Scott Archer in Although it is a widely held belief James Ambrose Cutting might have named the process after himself, in actuality, "ambrotype" was first coined by Marcus Aurelius Roota well known daguerreotypist, in his gallery as documented in the book The Camera and the Pencil .
The tintype was essentially a variant of the ambrotype, replacing the latter's glass plate with a thin sheet of japanned iron hence ferro. Ambrotypes often exhibit some flaking of their black back coating, cracking or detachment of the image-bearing emulsion layer, or other deterioration, but the image layer on a tintype has proven to be typically very durable.
Compared to their most important predecessor, the daguerreotypetintypes were not only very inexpensive, they were also relatively easy and quick to make.
May 15, This is such a great article on dating old photos. I have one more suggestion - I have been successful in dating some of my cabinet cards by cross referencing the photographer in the city directory of the time period, noting what years that photographer appeared at the particular address printed on the card. Oct 14, I have written a free comprehensive guide to dating very early photographs. "Fixed in Time" is a guide to dating daguerreotypes, ambrotypes and tintypes by their mats and cases, for historians, genealogists, collectors and antique dealers. It is available as a . This photo of the King brothers is a tintype probably taken circa You may not think to look on the Internet for help in dating old photographs, but actually it's the best place to go. A variety of websites offer tips and tools, and they have the great advantage of being able to provide visual middleburyfloralvt.com: Tracee Hamilton.
Although early tintypes were sometimes mounted in protective ornamental cases, like daguerreotypes and ambrotypes, uncased tintypes in simple paper mats were popular from the beginning.
They were often later transferred into the precut openings provided in book-like photograph albums.
One or more hardy, lightweight, thin tintypes could be carried conveniently in a jacket pocket. Although prints on paper see cartes de visite and cabinet cards soon displaced them as the most common type of photograph, the tintype process continued to enjoy considerable use throughout the 19th century and beyond, especially for casual portraiture by novelty and street photographers.
Edward M. Estabrooke's book The Ferrotype and How to Make Itand the introduction of low cost variants known as "Gem ferrotypes" helped to sustain the tintype's longevity.
John Coffer, as profiled in a New York Times article, travels by horse-drawn wagon creating tintypes. If I needed more data points, other style cues I could research would be the fit of the dresses, the hairstyles, and their jewelry. By way of example, your relative might have been a trendsetter or perhaps she cared little about fashion and was always a few years behind.
Here are direct links to the sections dedicated to the time since photography was possible: s s s s s s s s s s - - s Flickr collections by era These contributed photographs are grouped by decade, and the multitude of images will provide you with a helpful frame of reference to compare your vintage photos.
Finding and Dating Photographs Webinar 2020
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